Description and Distribution
Black pepper is a perennial vine reaching a height of 20 feet or more (5m). The small white flowers are followed by red berries which become black when mature. Although the plant is native to south-west India, it is extensively cultivated in Malaysia, China and Madagascar. The oil is distilled in Europe and the USA from imported dried fruits.
Nature of the Oil
A pale, greenish-yellow liquid, with a hot, spicy, piquant aroma. Its odour effect is stimulating and warming; a reputed aphrodisiac.
Thujene, pinene, camphene, sabinene, careen, myrcene, limonene, phellandrene, beta-caryophyllene.
Analgesic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, appetite-stimulant, bactericidal, carminative, digestive, diuretic, febrifugal, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant( nervous, circulatory, digestive), stomachic, sudorific, tonic.
Aroma therapeutic Uses
Poor circulation, muscular aches and pains, loss of appetite, nausea, colds and ‘flu, lethargy, mental fatigue.
Use in the lowest concentrations as it may irritate skin.