(Citrus limon)

Plant Family



C. limonum

Description and Distribution

A small evergreen tree growing up to (15 feet (5m), producing white flowers tinged with pink followed by the bright tallow fruit.   Lemon is native to Asia, but has become naturalized in the Mediterranean region.   It is also cultivated extensively in many parts of the world, with most of the oil being produced in Italy, Cyprus, Israel and California.

Nature of the Oil

A pale yellow liquid.   The aroma is fresh and sharp just like the fresh fruit.   The odour effect is uplifting and cooling.
Main Constituents
Limonene, terpinene, pinene, myrcene, citral, linalool, geraniol, citronellal.


Anti-anaemic, antimicrobial, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, cytophylactic cicatrisant, depurative, diuretic, febrifugal, haemostatic, hypotensive, insecticidal, rubefacient, sudorific, tonic, vermifugal.

Aroma therapeutic Uses

Skin care (oily skin), acne, boils, chilblains, warts, cellulite, arthritis, high blood pressure, poor circulation, rheumatism, asthma, sore throat, bronchitis, catarrh, indigestion, colds and ‘flu.


Like other expressed citrus essences, lemon oil is phototoxic. Do not apply to the skin shortly before exposure to natural or simulated sunlight as it may cause pigmentation. The distilled oil is non-phototoxic. Lemon oil has a short shelf-life and should be used within six months or purchase.   Once oxidized, it is much more likely to irritate the skin.   Use in low concentrations.

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