(Ocimum basilicum var album)
Labiatae or Lamiaceae
Common basil, sweet basil
Description and Distribution
A half-hardy or tender herb with highly aromatic leaves. It reaches a height of up to 3 feet (60 cms). Basil is native to tropical Asia and the Middle East, but is cultivated throughout Europe.
Nature of the Oil
A colourless or pale yellow liquid, having a light, fresh sweet-spicy scent with a balsamic undertone. Its odour effect is at first enlivening, giving way to a warm, comforting feeling.
Linalol, methyl chavicol, eugenol, limonene, citronella.
Antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cephalic, emmenagoguic, expectorant, febrifugal, galactagoguic, nervine, prophylactic, stimulant of adrenal cortex, stomachic, tonic.
Aroma therapeutic Uses
Muscular aches and pains, respiratory disorders, scanty menstruation, colds and ‘flu, mental fatigue, anxiety, depression.
Avoid during pregnancy. It is advisable to use the oil in low concentrations of around 1 percent as it can be highly irritant to skin. Better still, avoid skin applications and use in the vaporizer to perfume rooms.